Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

In a significant and disheartening turn of events, the Oklahoma Supreme Court has dismissed a lawsuit seeking reparations for the last known survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, Lessie Benningfield Randle and Viola Ford Fletcher. These two women, now centenarians, have strived for years to obtain some semblance of justice for the horrific events that destroyed the Greenwood neighborhood, once hailed as “Black Wall Street.” Despite their compelling testimonies and the undeniable historical wounds inflicted, the court ruled that their grievances do not fall within the state's public nuisance statute. This decision marks what is likely the end of a long, painful legal battle to address an enduring injustice that has yet to be reconciled. Have you ever wondered what becomes of historical grievances that linger for decades, even centuries? The quest for justice often remains on a long and arduous path, and sometimes, it may even seem like is set to repeat itself. One such significant journey culminates in the much-publicized lawsuit over the Tulsa Race Massacre—a case that the Oklahoma Supreme Court dismissed this past June.

Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

In a bid that has captured national and historical attention, the last known survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, Viola Ford Fletcher and Lessie Benningfield Randle, took their fight for reparations to the courts. Sadly, their pursuit of justice faced a major setback when the Oklahoma Supreme Court affirmed a lower court's decision to dismiss their lawsuit.

Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

Who Are the Plaintiffs?

Viola Ford Fletcher, at 110 years old, and Lessie Benningfield Randle, aged 109, are the last living witnesses of the violent events that took place over a century ago. During their childhood, they experienced firsthand the horror of the massacre that decimated Greenwood, a thriving African American neighborhood in Tulsa known as “Black Wall Street.”

  • Viola Ford Fletcher: At 110, Ms. Fletcher is the shining emblem of resilience and an unwavering quest for justice. Her testimony before Congress recounted memories of a thriving community obliterated in mere days.

  • Lessie Benningfield Randle: Ms. Randle, aged 109, mirrored her friend's distressing memories and likewise voiced the enduring pain and devastation that the massacre inflicted upon her and the community.

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Their hearts wrenching stories were heard far and wide, bringing to light the enormous social, economic, and emotional toll that has lingered over the Greenwood neighborhood for over 100 years.

The Legal Battle

The lawsuit, initially filed in 2020, sought to hold the state accountable for what Ms. Fletcher and Ms. Randle described as an “ongoing public nuisance” born from the 1921 attack. The plaintiffs argued that the catastrophic destruction and loss of life had a continuous adverse impact on the community's prosperity and overall well-being.

Key Points of the Lawsuit:

  1. Reparations: The plaintiffs sought reparations to address the multifaceted damages caused by the massacre, including financial compensation and community measures.
  2. Public Nuisance Claim: The suit claimed the massacre and subsequent neglect of Greenwood amounted to an ongoing public nuisance.
  3. Legal Grounds: The lawsuit rested on state laws rather than federal, which played a crucial role in the limitations faced during the appeals process.

Despite their emotional testimonies and compelling arguments, the Oklahoma Supreme Court ruled that their grievances “do not fall within the scope of our state's public nuisance statute.”

Why the Case Was Dismissed

The rationale behind the dismissal revolved around the interpretation of the state's public nuisance law. According to the Oklahoma Supreme Court's ruling, the grievances cited by the plaintiffs, while genuine and deeply felt, extended beyond the legal framework that defines public nuisance under state law.

Court’s Explanation:

  • Scope of Public Nuisance: The court's view was that the extensive and long-lasting damages and inequities alleged by the plaintiffs did not fit within the narrowly defined scope of state public nuisance laws.
  • Policy vs. Judiciary: The decision suggested that addressing such significant generational and societal inequities fell more appropriately within the realm of policymakers rather than the judiciary.

Impact and Implications

The decision has far-reaching implications beyond the courtroom. The plight of Ms. Fletcher, Ms. Randle, and the entire Greenwood community underscores the long-standing, unresolved issues of racial injustice and inequality in the United States.

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Continued Blight and Societal Inequities:

  • Economic Impacts: The economic consequences of the massacre have perpetuated a cycle of poverty and underdevelopment in the affected community.
  • Social and Emotional Wounds: The survivors and their descendants continue to bear the emotional scars of the massacre and the subsequent neglect.

While the court case may be closed, the conversations and movements it inspired continue to gain momentum, advocating for reparations and comprehensive measures to address the historical injustices endured by African American communities nationwide.

Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

Historical Context: The Tulsa Race Massacre of 1921

To fully understand the significance of this court ruling and its implications, one must delve into the of the Tulsa Race Massacre, an event that stands as one of the darkest chapters in American history.

Background on Greenwood

Greenwood was a prosperous African American neighborhood in Tulsa, Oklahoma, often referred to as “Black Wall Street” due to its economic vitality.

  • Economic Prosperity: By the early 20th century, Greenwood boasted thriving businesses, schools, and churches, establishing a robust and self-sustaining community.
  • Cultural Hub: It also served as a center of cultural and social activity, symbolizing Black entrepreneurship and resilience.

The Catalyst and Aftermath

The massacre was triggered by an alleged incident involving a young Black man, Dick Rowland, and a white woman, Sarah Page, in an elevator. The subsequent accusation of Rowland assaulting Page led to a white mob descending upon Greenwood from May 31 to June 1, 1921.

  • Destruction and Death: The rampage resulted in the decimation of Greenwood, with estimates of up to 300 African Americans killed and countless homes and businesses burned to the ground.
  • Long-Term Impact: The massacre left deep scars on the community, resulting in a significant demographic and economic shift that has ripple effects felt to this day.

Efforts for Justice and Remembrance

The legal battle by Ms. Fletcher and Ms. Randle is part of a broader effort to seek justice for the victims and acknowledgment of the atrocities committed during the Tulsa Race Massacre.

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Congressional Testimonies and Advocacy

In recent years, the centennial commemoration of the massacre has rekindled efforts to recognize and rectify the historical injustice faced by the Greenwood community.

  • Testimonies: Ms. Fletcher and Ms. Randle delivered powerful testimonies before Congress, calling for reparations and formal acknowledgment of the massacre.
  • National Dialogue: Their stories have rekindled a national dialogue about reparations, systemic racism, and the long-term impacts of historical violence against African Americans.

Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

Where Do We Go from Here?

With the dismissal of the lawsuit, the road to justice might seem obstructed, but the journey continues through advocacy, education, and community-led initiatives. The dismissal could, paradoxically, serve as a catalyst for further action, drawing greater attention to the need for comprehensive solutions to the deep-rooted issues exposed by the Tulsa Race Massacre.

Advocacy and Policy Change

Despite the legal setback, advocacy groups remain committed to pursuing justice on behalf of the massacre victims and their descendants.

  • Legislative Efforts: Continued push for state and federal legislation that acknowledges and addresses the historical and ongoing impacts of the massacre.
  • Community Programs: Initiatives aimed at revitalizing Greenwood through economic investment, education, and social programs.

Educational and Memorial Efforts

Memorializing the events of the Tulsa Race Massacre is crucial for ensuring that future generations understand and learn from this tragic chapter of history.

  • Education: Introducing comprehensive curricula in schools that cover the massacre and its long-term impacts.
  • Memorials and Museums: Supporting the establishment and upkeep of memorials and museums dedicated to preserving the memory of Greenwood and its residents.


The dismissal of the Tulsa Massacre lawsuit by the Oklahoma Supreme Court marks a significant moment in the ongoing quest for justice and remembrance. While legal avenues may be limited, the stories of Viola Ford Fletcher and Lessie Benningfield Randle serve as powerful reminders of the resilience and strength of those who suffer from historical injustices.

In the face of such setbacks, it's crucial to maintain hope and continue advocating for equity and reconciliation. The road may be long, but through persistent efforts and community solidarity, we can aim to heal the wounds of the past and pave the way for a more just and understanding future.

Isn't it essential that we never forget and always strive for better?

Oklahoma Supreme Court Dismisses Tulsa Massacre Lawsuit

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